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In the world of military training, defense organizations across the world are increasingly employing live-virtual-constructive (LVC) training environments in their training programs.

It’s cutting-edge, saves money, and pushes the boundaries of conventional training.

Each letter is a designation of the type of environment the trainee is experiencing while undergoing training. Here is a quick rundown to get us situated:

  • Live: Training that occurs in a real aircraft or vehicle, with real or training weapons. Visuals, opposing forces, and communications are real. Example: Pilot in real plane, performing formation training with other pilots in real planes.
  • Virtual: The trainee is a real person training in the virtual environment. Environments, vehicles, aircraft and weapons are simulated. Visuals are computer-generated. Example: Pilots performing formation training. Each wingman in formation is an actual pilot in their own simulator.
  • Constructive: Most often combined with virtual training, constructive adds the element of computer-generated forces (CGF) to control entities, opposing forces, allies, and so on. They can be understood as Artificial Intelligence-controlled (AI) avatars or vehicles. Example: Pilot performing formation training in simulator and wingmen are computer-controlled.

Each of these designations are not mutually exclusive and can be combined with one another to enhance training by layering tasks or complexities. In the Constructive example above, there is a mix of virtual and constructive training because there is a human pilot in the equation interacting with computer-controlled pilots.

To learn more about LVC Training, see the Presagis Blog: LVC Training: Then and Now